Once a bug in software is reported, developers have to determine which source files are related to the bug. This process is referred to as bug localization, and an automatic way of bug localization is important to improve developers’ productivity. This paper proposes an approach called DrewBL to efficiently localize faulty files for a given bug report using a natural language processing tool, word2vec. In DrewBL, we first build a vector space model named semantic-VSM which represents a distributed representation of words in the bug report and source code files and next compute the relevance between them by feeding the constructed model to word2vec. We also present an approach called CombBL to further improve the accuracy of bug localization which employs not only the proposed DrewBL but also existing bug localization techniques, such as BugLocator based on textual similarity and Bugspots based on bug-fixing history, in a combinatorial manner. This study gives our early experimental results to show the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed approaches using two open source projects.
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